Monday, April 4, 2011
Paraguay - Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue
La Santisima Trinidad de Paraná, or the Holy Trinity of Paraná, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sent by Ana from Asunción in Paraguay.
The Society of Jesus established itself in the region known as the Guayrá in 1588, by permission of Philip II. One of its objectives became the protection of the Indians against the abuses of the colonial encomienda system of tribute or labour, which reduced them to a condition of virtual slavery; at the same time they would be brought into the Christian Church and educated into a sedentary form of life. Following the granting of the frontier zone of Paraguay to the Jesuits in 1609 by the Spanish Crown, they moved into the lands of the Guaraní people in the Rio de la Plata basin, where they created reducciones (settlements), each with its mission. There were 30 in all, 8 in latter-day Paraguay, 15 in Argentina, and 7 in Brazil.