Saturday, October 5, 2013

Ukraine - Genoese Fortress

Towers of Genoese fortress.

Sent by Yana, a postcrosser from Kiev, Ukraine.

The Genoese Fortress (Ukrainian: Генуезька фортеця) or the Sudak Fortress (Ukrainian: Судацька фортеця) is a fortress located in the city of Sudak in southern Ukraine. It was established by the Venetians in the 12th century and later rebuilt by the Genoese between 1371 and 1469 as a fortified stronghold for their colony on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula. It is one of three other colonies the Genoese established on the territory of modern-day Ukraine during the 13th-15th centuries.
The fortress was built atop an ancient coral reef formation now located 150 m (492 ft) above sea level. The Genoese Fortress overlooks the city and the surrounding Sudak Bay, located on the northern coast of the Black Sea. The territory is currently part of the Historical-Architectural Sanctuary "Sudak Fortress," a branch of the National Sanctuary "Sophia of Kyiv". It is a candidate UNESCO World Heritage Site, submitted in 2007 by the Ukrainian representatives.
Today, the Genoese Fortress is an important tourist attraction bringing thousands of tourists to the Crimea and Ukraine, exhibiting the authentic 14th century Italian architecture along with a number of archeological artifacts found in the vicinity. Due to its historical significance, the fortress was featured in a number of cinematic films and documentaries. (Source)

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