Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Canada - Nova - Scotia - Joggins Fossil Cliffs

Joggins Fossil Cliffs - Nova Scotia
Put on the world's scientific map in 1851 by the discovery of fossilized reptiles, Joggins, a former coal mining town, situated on the N-E shore of Chignecto Bay, is today one of the most important sites in North America for paleontologists. In recognition of their importance UNESCO added the cliffs to their list of World Natural Heritage Sites. Overlooking the cliffs is the Joggins Fossil Centre opened in May 2008, which acts as an interpretive centre and as a point of entry for those wishing to explore the wonders of the cliffs. These cliffs, which are continually being eroded, possess a natural beauty evident both in the day and at night. Pictured here is one sample of prehistoric life - an upright tree preserved in the cliff face.

Sent by Margaret, a postcrosser from Nova Scotia in Canada.

The Joggins Fossil Cliffs, a 689 ha palaeontological site along the coast of Nova Scotia (eastern Canada), have been described as the “coal age Galápagos” due to their wealth of fossils from the Carboniferous period (354 to 290 million years ago). The rocks of this site are considered to be iconic for this period of the history of Earth and are the world’s thickest and most comprehensive record of the Pennsylvanian strata (dating back 318 to 303 million years) with the most complete known fossil record of terrestrial life from that time. These include the remains and tracks of very early animals and the rainforest in which they lived, left in situ, intact and undisturbed. With its 14.7 km of sea cliffs, low bluffs, rock platforms and beach, the site groups remains of three ecosystems: estuarine bay, floodplain rainforest and fire prone forested alluvial plain with freshwater pools. It offers the richest assemblage known of the fossil life in these three ecosystems with 96 genera and 148 species of fossils and 20 footprint groups. The site is listed as containing outstanding examples representing major stages in the history of Earth. (Source)

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